George William Frederick (4 June 1738 - Present) is the current Sovereign of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Taking the throne after his grandfather, George II, who had outlived his son, Frederick, Prince of Wales, George had taken the reins of Great Britain by 22.
He leads the House of Hanover and married Sophie Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, thus making her the Queen-Consort of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
George was born on 4 June 1738. His mother was Augusta of Saxe-Gotha and his father was Frederick, Prince of Wales. As a child, George was taught to love music and was encouraged by his father to appreciate it. He was engaged by reasonably competent tutors, being taught Latin, French, German, history, mathematics, and religion. The tutors found him a difficult pupil, not exactly unwilling, but lethargic and incapable of concentration. At times he was silent and morose and when he was angry, he became obstinate and sullen. At twenty he still wrote like a child.
In March 1751, Prince Frederick caught a chill and died soon afterward. His widow became a rather possessive mother to the children, including George. Her friend and adviser was the vain and pompous John Stuart, Earl of Bute, who was regarded as "extremely handsome". According to Horace Walpole, "the beauty of his leg was constantly displayed in the eye of the poor captivated Princess". George implored Bute to help him and Bute never hesitated to mark his faults or to remind him or the immense responsibility of his calling. When George succeeded his grandfather in 1760, he took Bute's advice on every matter, ignoring other ministers with decades of political experience.
Personality and Appearance
George's personality was unique to his own character. He was a steadfast monarch, devoted husband and father, and true to himself. Above being devoted to his family, he put his role as King to the top and ensured that the state of his realm was the best it could be. He insisted that his family follow the same route; he even went as far as consulting the Government on what to do with his son, George, who was the Prince of Wales.
Much like that of his predecessors, George had flame red hair, blue eyes, measured in height at 6 feet, 6 inches. In addition to this, he kept his figure slim with a Spartan diet and plenty of exercise.
Unlike his two predecessors of the House of Hanover, George was raised in England and spoke English as his first language, which further endeared him to the people.
For George's coronation, no expense was spared. Numerous foreign leaders attended with the hopes of meeting the young King, who was only 22. George's outfit was an elaborate golden suit with a golden and ermine-trimmed cloak to complement it. In addition to this, he bore another cloak that held the Coat of Arms of the Royal House, the House of Hanover.
George fully understood the demands of his new position. In his accession speech, he declared:
"Born and educated in this country, I glory in the name of Briton."The speech had of course been written for him, but he personally inserted that particular line for he felt it described the life of dedication and duty he was prepared to live.
George III had a particular love for his family, shown by his desire to have a large one. He and his wife, Sophie Charlotte, had 15 children; 13 of which would survive into adulthood.
- George, Prince of Wales
- Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
- William, Duke of Clarence and St. Andrews
- Charlotte, Princess Royal
- Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
- Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
- Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex
- Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge
Titles, Styles, Honours & Arms
Titles and Styles
- 4 June 1738 - 31 March 1751: His Royal Highness Prince George
- 31 March 1751 - 20 April 1751: His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh
- 20 April 1751 - 25 October 1760: His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales
- 25 October 1760 - Present: His Majesty The King
Prior to the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland's dissolution and formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, George was styled: "George the Third, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Commander-in-Chief of the British Armed Forces, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Defender of the Faith,". After 1801 when Great Britain united with Ireland, the title King of France was dropped. His style then became, "By the Grace of God, George the Third, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King, Emperor of the British Empire, and of India, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Commander-in-Chief of the British Armed Forces, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Defender of the Faith".